2020 - DEVELOPMENT AND SECURITY CHALLENGES IN THE SAHEL REGION

Ahmet Berat CONKAR (Turkey)

09 June 2020

Despite significant efforts to stabilise the Sahel region, which stretches from Mauritania to Sudan and is home to 150 million people the security situation there is deteriorating. Insecurity is escalating and spreading across porous borders with dramatic repercussions for the region’s inhabitants. Conflict is further impoverishing a region already burdened with endemic poverty, inequality and social and political exclusion. This has raised the number of those fleeing violence and moving elsewhere in their own countries, crossing borders into neighbouring countries or even travelling further afield to North Africa and Europe. The Sahel has become a central transit area for irregular migration flows, which poses significant challenges for authorities and local populations and has become a major challenge both for neighbouring countries and Europe.