The adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security on 31 October 2000 was an historic milestone on the road towards a peace and security policy which recognises women’s key role in the prevention and resolution of conflicts. It was also a milestone towards the protection of women and girls from sexual and other violence in situations of armed conflict.
NATO has taken action to promote gender equality and the participation of women within its own organisation and structures. At the 2014 Wales Summit, Allied leaders supported the integration of a gender perspective throughout NATO’s three essential core tasks (i.e. collective defence, crisis management and cooperative security). The NATO Secretary General also appointed a Special Representative to serve as the high-level focal point on all aspects of NATO’s contribution to the Women, Peace and Security agenda.
The Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security (CDS) has taken the lead in advancing the Women, Peace and Security agenda within the NATO PA. At the Annual Session in Warsaw in November 2010, on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the adoption of UNSCR 1325, the Assembly adopted Resolution 381 presented by the CDS Committee, calling for the incorporation of UNSCR 1325 into NATO policies and practices. In 2011, the Committee also conducted its first survey of implementation of UNSCR 1325 in NATO countries. Since then, the Committee has published surveys every other year produced in cooperation with the Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces.