NATO Parliamentary Assembly
HomeDOCUMENTSCommittee Reports2017 Spring SessionDraft Report - 067 DSC 17 E - BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENCE AND NATO


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Draft General Report [067 DSC 17 E] by Joseph A. Day (Canada)

Alongside conventional and nuclear capabilities, ballistic missile defence (BMD) is now considered a core NATO capability. The current framework for NATO BMD integrates national missile defence assets and capabilities into a broader NATO command and control (C2) architecture. The purpose of this integrate air and ballistic missile defence capability is to protect NATO European territory and population centres as well as deployed NATO forces from threats arising from the global proliferation of missile technologies. A modern, dynamic, and geographically-flexible missile defence system will deny adversaries the benefits they may seek to pursue via a missile-based offensive strategy.

The July 2016 Warsaw Summit Declaration indicated the system is now at initial operating capacity, underscoring the continued progress of the NATO ballistic missile defence architecture. Transfer of command and control of the Aegis Ashore installation in Deveselu, Romania to Allied Air Command in Ramstein, Germany further ensured the decision-making process for use of the system is within the political guidelines established by Allied governments. These steps demonstrate the steady progress toward an Alliance-commanded BMD system capable of defending NATO’s European territory from ballistic missile attack.

As NATO aims for the Aegis Ashore component of the European missile defence system to be completed in 2018, the Defence and Security Committee seeks to revisit the ends, ways, and means of NATO’s current BMD system and architecture.

As such, this draft report reviews NATO’s current BMD policy and capabilities, and highlights the steps being taken to adapt and evolve this architecture to better serve Allies in a rapidly evolving European security environment. The draft report identifies contributions made by Allies to the NATO BMD system and the progress toward its completion. Finally, the draft report looks at the global and regional trends in ballistic missile capabilities, which drive Allies’ continued investment in a robust BMD capability for its European territories.